There are several reasons Delaware is nicknamed the Small Wonder.

There are several reasons Delaware is nicknamed the Small Wonder.

One of them is in the form of a monument of three soldiers in front of Legislative Hall in the heart of Dover.

The trio represents men from the Delaware Regiment, a unit of soldiers known as some of the fiercest fighters in George Washington's army. Without these men, the United States could've fallen into the hands of the British.

Archeologist Chuck Fithian will identify the makeup and war conditions of those who fought in the Delaware Regiment in a free presentation at The Old State House on Saturday, Oct. 5.

Contrary to popular belief, Fithian and his colleagues will discuss how they've discovered the Delaware Regiment wasn't only comprised of white men.

"There's been a tendency to see the Delaware Regiment as very white, but we're seeing that there was African American participation and [possibly] even Native American," said Fithian, curator of archeology for the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs. "We've also identified women who've followed the regiment."

Fithian says things like receipts and correspondence letters have helped lead him and his colleagues to discover this information.

The Delaware Regiment was assembled on 1775 when Congress asked each state to gather up men to fight in the American Revolution for continental service. In 1776, the Delaware Regiment was assembled. The soldiers would see their first action that year during the Battle of Long Island where they were joined by the Maryland Regiment. Considering the Americans were getting crushed by the British, the Maryland and Delaware regiments were tasked with holding the enemy lines so their comrades could withdraw.

"Not only did [both regiments] hold the lines, but they charged the British lines several times, and through what they did, it helped ensure the survival of the American Army," Fithian said.

Had it not been for the Delaware Regiment's heroics, "the American army would've been destroyed," Fithian added. "And it's very possible the Revolution would've ended right there."

Through 1883, the Delaware Regiment's reputation led them to fighting in similar battles where "they would be called upon to help counter a very difficult situation," Fithian said.

Other conflicts the Delaware Regiment fought in included the Battle of Brandywine and Battle of Germantown.

Learn more in "Bayonets of the Revolution: The Delaware Regiment During the War of American Independence" at 1 p.m., Oct. 5 at the Old State House in Dover.

WHAT 'Bayonets of the Revolution: The Delaware Regiment During the War of American Independence' presentation
WHEN 1 p.m., Saturday, Oct. 5
Old State House, 25 The Green, Dover
INFO Visit or call 739-9194