Here are some tips of things that can be done in October to ensure a healthy garden and yard when spring comes.

    Here is what you need to do during the month of October to ensure a healthy garden and yard.

First week
    Dig up gladioluses, dahlias, tubers and other tender bulbs.

    Plant blooming chrysanthemums to add color to fall landscapes.
    Water evergreens if needed.

    Take a soil sample of your gardens and lawn so the results are available in time to add fertilizer or lime, which will improve or adjust soil fertility.
    Use shedding needles from pines, yews and arborvitaes as mulch around azaleas, rhododendrons, camellias and andromedas.

    Bring in your houseplants which have been living outdoors all summer. Be sure to inspect for pests before you bring them in.

Second week
    Dig up and pot an herb plant or two from the herb garden. Parsley, chives, sage, thyme or scented geraniums do well all winter if watered and set in a warm sunny window.

    Rake and add the leaves that are falling from deciduous trees to the compost pile.

    Pick bagworms from the evergreens and shrubs and destroy them. This will stop the spring hatching of over-wintering eggs.

    Plant shrubs and divide crowded perennials.

    Prune leaves and stems of herbaceous perennials as they turn brown.

Third week
    Mow the lawn continually so that it will not be matted down under heavy snow (if we have any).

    Plant spring flowering bulbs (tulips, daffodils, etc.)

    Protect broadleaf evergreens from winter damage caused by wind and sun.

    Rake and clean up rose gardens to prevent black spot and other diseases.

    Keep an eye open for reduced prices on end-of-the-season gardening tools and equipment to be used next year or to be given as gifts.

Last Week
    Transplant small trees after leaves have fallen.

    Secure vines to their support systems.

    Clean up garden debris and add to the compost pile.